An adult learner or, more commonly, a mature student , is a person who is older and is involved in forms of learning. Adult learners fall in a specific criterion of being experienced, and do not always have a high school diploma. Many of the adult learners go back to school to finish a degree, or earn a new one. Malcolm Knowles 's work distinguished adult learners as distinct from adolescent and child learners in his principle of andragogy. This included self-concept, adult learner experience, readiness to learn, orientation to learning, and motivation to learning.
Adult learning theories and principles.
Training and the Needs of Adult Learners
Contributors Key Concepts Resources and References. The generic term for the five-phase instructional design model consisting of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. Each step has an outcome that feeds into the next step in the sequence. Analysis also considers the learning environment, any constraints, the delivery options, and the timeline for the project. A systematic process of specifying learning objectives.
The Adult Learner : The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development
Malcolm Knowles was an American educator who theorized adult education. He brought the term andragogy into use as a term associated with adult education. The first use of the term andragogy was by Alexander Kapp in Smith, M.
Andragogy refers to methods and principles used in adult education. Therefore, andragogy literally means "leading man", whereas " pedagogy " literally means "leading children". Interpreted broadly throughout academic literature, the term also invites other definitions such as " adult education practice", "desirable values", "specific teaching methods", "reflections", and "academic discipline" , with many authors claiming it to be better than traditional adult education.