Most anal cancers start in a type of cell called squamous cells. Other rare types include adenocarcinoma and melanoma. Squamous cell cancers are the most common type of anal cancer. They are also called epidermoid cancers. There are 3 types of squamous cell cancer.
Treatment of Anal Cancer, by Stage
Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma - BroadcastMed
Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate one institution's experience with treatment outcomes for rectal squamous-cell carcinoma. Methods: Using our prospective Colorectal Database, we identified patients diagnosed with rectal squamous-cell carcinoma at our institution between and Pathology was rereviewed, tumor immunophenotype was compared to control cases of anal squamous-cell carcinoma and rectal adenocarcinoma, treatment modalities and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Twelve patients were identified 10 females median age, 58 years. Median distal extent of tumors was 7 range, cm from the anal verge. The chemotherapy regimen was 5-fluorouracil-based.
What Is Anal Cancer?
The anus is connected to the rectum by the anal canal. The anal verge is where the canal connects to the outside skin at the anus. The inner lining of the anal canal is the mucosa. Most anal cancers start from cells in the mucosa. Glands and ducts tubes leading from the glands are found under the mucosa.
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